How to get a legal residence?
Make sure you have everything ready before traveling
It must be apostilled/legalized* in your country of birth. Once you arrive in Uruguay, have it translated by an official Uruguayan public translator. No other translation will be accepted.
It must be apostilled/legalized in the country where the marriage took place. As above, go to an official public translator in Uruguay to obtain the translation.
Before arriving, ask the police in your country of birth and all other countries where you have lived for the past five years for certificates showing that you have no criminal record. They must also be apostilled/legalized and translated.
Criminal record information must be no more than 6 months old at the time of submission. This is a more relevant factor given the current backlog of appointments (see below). U.S. citizens do not need a criminal record certificate, as they can obtain one from Interpol in Montevideo.
You will need to provide proof of a minimum monthly income, the source of that income (such as your retirement pension, rent from a property in Uruguay or abroad), and proof that the income is paid into an Uruguayan bank account. A standard minimum income for an individual could be around USD 650. This must be certified by a Uruguayan notary public.
Passport & photo
You need to present a valid passport and a passport type photograph.
Recognized by the Uruguayan Ministry of Health. Adults must have been vaccinated against MMR and tetanus. If you have not been vaccinated or cannot prove it, you can be vaccinated free of charge in many local hospitals. Children should have the same vaccinations as Uruguayan children. Please note that it is essential to present this certificate at the initial interview.
It can be obtained in Uruguay. Most hospitals and private clinics offer medical cards. At a private clinic, an appointment is made and the process takes more than 15 minutes for a cost of about USD 70. The State provides free health cards (contact the Ministry of Public Health, Durazno 1242, Montevideo), but there is a long wait in a dilapidated environment (and don’t expect anyone to speak English).
Note: the documentation required for Mercosur nationals is different from the above.
Apostille / Legalization
Without going into detail, this may involve getting the national authority to confirm this is an original document or a copy of one and then going to the nearest Uruguayan consulate to confirm that the seal of the national authority is indeed what it claims to be.
How does the application process for a residence permit work and how long does it take?
The minimum documentation required to apply is a passport, vaccination certificate and a photograph. Once you have applied for residency, you will receive a temporary Uruguayan identity card, the cédula. After that, all applications continue and usually take up to two years (which is quite normal).
Don’t hesitate to ask us.
We’ll be glad to help you!